The Report (in French) was prepared by Maître Kami HAERI and submitted to the French Ministry of Justice on 2 February 2017. The report contains recommendations for reforms in the lawyer’s profession in France, including initial and continuous training (see pages 122-124).
The new French rules regarding the admission exam have been published today in the Journal officiel de la République française:
For a brief summary on the changes brought by the new rules, see the post of 8 July 2016.
The French Minister of Justice, Jean-Jacques URVOAS, together with Thierry MANDON, Secretary of State in charge of Higher Education and the President of the Conseil national des Barreaux, Pascal EYDOUX, announced yesterday reforms to the law school entry exams (see Discours du président Pascal Eydoux).
In 2012, the Conseil national des barreaux, agreed to these reforms which are now about to come into effect.
The aim of the reform is to unify the process of access to law schools, i.e. a single, unified exam will be held every year throughout France. The exam subjects will be the same everywhere and the evaluation of exams will be subject to a unified scoring grid. This should help ensuring a level playing field.
The entry exam will be more focused on the competences, skills and knowledge which will be expected from future lawyers.
A national exam Commission – composed equally of lawyers and academics – will be in charge to establish the exam subjects and the scoring grid.
The first session of the national exam will be held in September 2017.
Further information will follow in a few weeks.
A New Way To Create Awareness About The Importance Of Law For Start-Ups
The HEAD Law School Clinic, in Paris, was created in January 2015, and is headed by Matthieu Brochier, who is a partner at the law firm Darrois Villey Maillot Brochier.
It is the first clinic dedicated to both business law and start-ups.
It provides students with hands-on legal experience under the supervision of lawyers who are not only experienced practitioners themselves, but who are also trained in educating and mentoring students. Students gain a wide range of skills; for example, they interview start-uppers and advise them. Students are exposed to a wide range of areas in business law such as: company law, intellectual property law, and employment law.
Today, the clinic has a strong network of partners and works with entrepreneurs from the prestigious Ecole Polytechnique PEI incubator. The clinic is composed of 26 students and around 10 lawyers. The rapid expansion of start-ups in Paris, and the growing demand for legal advice that has resulted, has made the HEAD Law School Clinic a strong actor in the economic and legal fabric of Paris, with a high development potential. The clinic gives students and entrepreneurs a palpable sense of why the law (and sometimes lawyers!) matters, how much good it can do, which cultivates values they will use throughout their professional lives.
For more information about the Clinic, see here.
Information about HEAD can be obtained here.
France is currently reviewing its entry route into the profession of avocat. The reforms are under discussion to alter its initial and exit exams that bracket the post university initial stage of training, and to shorten the whole initial training to a one year duration (from 18 months).
The Conseil National des Barreaux (CNB) has already published a Decision that streamlines the training course within its initial training and attempts to re-orient it to become a very practical experience. The prescribed route though, is still within the Écoles d’Avocats, whose programmes will become more harmonised.
Le Conseil national des Barreaux a adopté le 12 décembre 2014 une décision à caractère normatif concernant les programmes de formation des élèves-avocats.
Article 3 §2 – La pratique du métier d’avocat
« Les élèves avocats reçoivent une formation sur la pratique du métier d’avocat d’une durée de 140 heures.
Cette formation est organisée en trois thématiques fondamentales :
– Le conseil (environ 40 heures)
– La rédaction des actes juridiques (environ 50 heures)
– Le contentieux (environ 50 heures)
Elle comporte notamment les thématiques spécifiques suivantes :
– Le droit de l’Union européenne, cette thématique devant irriguer toute la formation,
Sa mise en œuvre implique, dès lors, que tous les responsables pédagogiques des matières enseignées dans le cursus de formation initiale devront inclure dans leurs programmes les aspects relatifs aux droit de l’Union européenne. Cette décision sera mise en œuvre par les Ecoles d’avocats pour leurs programmes 2016.