‘Learning by doing’ – The example of the Legal Clinic in Brescia

May 25th, 2016 § 0 comments § permalink

As announced previously, the Training Blog will provide from now on regularly information on legal clinics in Europe. The first post is about the Legal Clinic in Brescia, Italy.


The Brescia Legal Clinical programme was established in 2009 at the Brescia Faculty of Law.

The aim was to change the traditional way of teaching and learning law by introducing and experimenting new methodologies.

The Brescia Legal Clinic makes it possible for students to deal with real cases – under supervision.

These cases cover different legal fields: Civil Law and Civil Procedure, Criminal Law, Labour Law, International Law, Immigration Law, Comparative Law, Consumer Law, Anti-discrimination Law, Administrative Law and Criminology. The cases are are chosen taking into account various factors: educational value, exemplarity, social relevance. Cases may also be suggested by lawyers and NGOs which the Clinic collaborates with. Students working on a specific case have to comply with legal ethics. They usually work in small groups (2-4 people) and are supervised by a professor and a lawyer.

The Clinic has been benefiting from remarkable support and active collaboration with the local Bar Association, which is permanently involved in the organisation of the courses and present in the Scientific Committee of the course itself through some of its members. 10 local lawyers -who have a significant professional experience- are regularly involved in the program, at two different levels:

  • Lawyers are supervisors together with law professors;
  • Lawyers are asked to conduct regular seminars and/or simulations in relation to significant aspects of their professional work.

More detailed information about the Legal Clinic project in Brescia can be found here.

– The editor would like to thank Cristina Amato from the University of Brescia for providing information on the legal clinic in Brescia. –

Update on national continuous training rules

May 23rd, 2016 § 0 comments § permalink



In 2015/2016, the CCBE updated its information on national continuous training rules, which were first gathered in 2011.

19 CCBE full member countries have a specific mandatory continuous training regime. In most of these countries, it has been introduced in the past 15 years.

12 full member countries have no specific mandatory continuous training regime; however, in all of these countries various continuous training opportunities exist.

In most countries, the extent of the training obligation is counted in hours, credits or points, though in some in events and days. The average extent of the training obligation is approximately 14 hours/points/credits annually, ranging from four academic hours in Bulgaria to 20 hours in France. In most countries, foreign training activities are recognised. The majority of member countries have opted for “regular control” which means that lawyers are obliged to submit a record of their training activities to the Bar/Law Society on an annual basis. In some member countries, compliance is exclusively monitored via “random control” which means that only a certain number of lawyers/law firms are checked. There are also member countries in which both “regular control” and “random control” are carried out.

The CCBE has prepared a brief layout and a summary detailing the regimes’ specificities by using the following categories: extent of training; activities (courses, language courses, teaching, writing/publishing, other); recognition of foreign training activities; availability of e-methods; provider (bar/law society, accredited providers, free market providers); supervision (regular and/or random control); and sanctions (non-disciplinary and/or disciplinary).

All relevant information on the national rules – including country overviews – can be found here.

Legal Clinics in Europe

May 4th, 2016 § 0 comments § permalink

Kashetu KYENGE - 8th Parliamentary term

Kashetu KYENGE – 8th Parliamentary term

Cécile Kashetu Kyenge, MEP, opened yesterday’s joint event of the European Parliament Anti-Racism and Diversity Intergroup (ARDI) and the European Network for Clinical Legal Education (ENCLE) which aimed at showing the development of Clinical Legal Education in Europe and its potential in order to promote racial equality, counter racism and educate about non-discrimination. The event specifically discussed the results of a study presented by Clelia Bartoli, professor of Human Rights at the University of Palermo. The study showed that there are an increasing amount of legal clinics in Europe, which allow students to acquire knowledge, skills and competences through practice, and through this, help in preparing them for professional life. However, legal clinics are facing problems such as a lack of institutional recognition and difficulties ensuring sustainability in the continuity of activities. Without recognition and institutional status, it is difficult to access public funding.

The study provides, inter alia, some statistical information about the collaboration of legal clinics with Bars and Law Societies.

The CCBE has started cooperation with ENCLE last year in order to see where and how it can provide support and help in linking between legal clinics and Bars/Law Societies.

Over the coming months, the Training Blog will provide information about concrete legal clinics projects which involve Bars across Europe.